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Strategies highlighted in the July 2015 report What Works? Strategies to Improve Rural Health

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62 policies and programs
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Factor Index
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Approach Index
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Health Factor
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Approach
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Policy or Program
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Decision Maker
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Healthcare Professionals & Advocates
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Public Health Professionals & Advocates
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1 1 1 Tobacco Use Reduce initiation and/or increase cessation Cell phone-based tobacco cessation interventions
Scientifically Supported
      x x       x
1 2 1 Diet & Exercise Create opportunities for active living Places for physical activity
Scientifically Supported
x   x x x     x  
1 2 1 Diet & Exercise Create opportunities for active living Activity programs for older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x x  
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options School breakfast programs
Scientifically Supported
    x   x x      
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options School fruit & vegetable gardens
Scientifically Supported
    x   x x      
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Farmers' markets/stands
Some Evidence
x x   x x x      
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Fruit & vegetable taste testing
Some Evidence
  x x x x   x x x
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Farm to school programs
Some Evidence
    x x x x      
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Healthy school lunch initiatives
Some Evidence
    x   x x   x  
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Healthy food in convenience stores
Some Evidence
      x x     x  
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options WIC & Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Programs
Some Evidence
        x        
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Mobile markets
Expert Opinion
    x x x x   x  
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Community kitchens for food processing
Expert Opinion
      x x x   x  
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Electronic Benefit Transfer payment at farmers' markets
Expert Opinion
      x x x      
1 2 2 Diet & Exercise Increase access to healthy food options Food hubs
Expert Opinion
      x x     x  
1 2 3 Diet & Exercise Promote broad approaches to increasing physical activity Screen time interventions for children
Scientifically Supported
  x x   x     x  
1 2 5 Diet & Exercise Provide physical activity information & education Exercise prescriptions
Scientifically Supported
  x         x   x
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Enhanced enforcement of laws prohibiting alcohol sales to minors
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Naloxone education & distribution programs
Some Evidence
  x     x     x x
1 3 4 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce availability of alcohol and other drugs Proper drug disposal programs
Expert Opinion
  x     x   x x x
1 3 4 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce availability of alcohol and other drugs Alcohol access restrictions in public places
Expert Opinion
        x     x  
1 4 3 Sexual Activity Reduce unintended pregnancy Intensive case management for pregnant & parenting teens
Some Evidence
    x   x x x x x
2 1 1 Access to Care Adopt alternate care delivery models Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs)
Scientifically Supported
x       x   x   x
2 1 1 Access to Care Adopt alternate care delivery models Telemedicine
Scientifically Supported
        x   x   x
2 1 1 Access to Care Adopt alternate care delivery models Telemental health services
Some Evidence
        x   x   x
2 1 2 Access to Care Reduce barriers to care Rural transportation services
Expert Opinion
x     x x        
2 1 4 Access to Care Recruit providers to underserved areas Rural training in medical education
Scientifically Supported
    x            
2 1 4 Access to Care Recruit providers to underserved areas Higher education financial incentives for health professionals serving underserved areas
Some Evidence
        x   x   x
2 1 5 Access to Care Recruit & retain high quality workforce Nurse residency programs
Some Evidence
    x       x    
2 2 1 Quality of Care Increase coordination of care Case-managed care for community-dwelling frail elders
Some Evidence
  x     x   x    
2 2 2 Quality of Care Improve patient safety Multi-component fall prevention interventions for older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x   x
2 2 2 Quality of Care Improve patient safety Risk assessments & personalized approaches to fall prevention among older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x   x
2 2 2 Quality of Care Improve patient safety Chronic disease self-management (CDSM) programs
Scientifically Supported
            x   x
3 1 1 Education Increase early childhood education Preschool education programs
Scientifically Supported
  x x   x        
3 1 1 Education Increase early childhood education Universal pre-kindergarten
Scientifically Supported
    x   x        
3 1 2 Education Create environments that support learning School breakfast programs
Scientifically Supported
    x   x x      
3 1 2 Education Create environments that support learning School-based social and emotional instruction
Scientifically Supported
    x            
3 1 2 Education Create environments that support learning Community schools
Some Evidence
  x x   x        
3 1 5 Education Increase education beyond high school College access programs
Scientifically Supported
    x   x x   x  
3 1 6 Education Increase high school graduation rates Dropout prevention programs
Scientifically Supported
    x     x   x  
3 1 6 Education Increase high school graduation rates Mentoring programs for high school graduation
Scientifically Supported
    x     x      
3 1 6 Education Increase high school graduation rates Career Academies
Scientifically Supported
    x            
3 1 6 Education Increase high school graduation rates GED certificate programs
Some Evidence
    x   x     x  
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Flexible scheduling
Scientifically Supported
      x          
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Paid sick leave laws
Some Evidence
x     x x        
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability Transitional jobs
Scientifically Supported
      x x     x  
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability GED certificate programs
Some Evidence
    x   x     x  
3 4 2 Family & Social Support Increase social connectedness Extracurricular activities for social engagement
Scientifically Supported
    x   x     x  
3 4 2 Family & Social Support Increase social connectedness Activity programs for older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x x  
3 5 5 Community Safety Ensure sports & recreation safety Sports-related brain injury education
Expert Opinion
  x x         x  
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Car seat distribution & education programs
Scientifically Supported
        x   x x  
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Enhanced seat belt enforcement programs
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Rollover protection structures (ROPS)
Some Evidence
  x   x x       x
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Multi-component fall prevention interventions for older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x   x
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Risk assessments & personalized approaches to fall prevention among older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x   x
4 1 1 Air & Water Quality Increase water conservation & preservation Proper drug disposal programs
Expert Opinion
  x     x   x x x
4 1 3 Air & Water Quality Reduce agriculture's environmental impacts Integrated pest management (IPM) for agriculture & outdoor use
Scientifically Supported
  x x x x     x  
4 1 3 Air & Water Quality Reduce agriculture's environmental impacts Nutrient management plans
Scientifically Supported
    x x x        
4 1 3 Air & Water Quality Reduce agriculture's environmental impacts Multi-component groundwater management programs
Some Evidence
      x x     x  
4 2 1 Housing & Transit Improve housing quality Housing rehabilitation loan & grant programs
Scientifically Supported
x       x        
4 2 3 Housing & Transit Support affordable housing options Housing trust funds
Expert Opinion
x     x x        
4 2 5 Housing & Transit Support shared transportation Rural transportation services
Expert Opinion
x     x x