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||50-99% of WI's population
|Impact on Disparities:
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Parish nurses are registered nurses positioned within a parish or similar faith community, or within a health care system serving as a liaison to congregations. Parish nurses focus largely on health promotion and injury prevention (Coenen 1999, Weis 1997), but also often function as counselors, referrers, and advocates (Coenen 1999). In congregations where parish nurses volunteer or are employed, their health ministry is often considered a vital part of the mission of the church. Parish nursing is sometimes referred to as faith community nursing or congregational nursing, and is most common in Christian denominations.
Expected Beneficial Outcomes
Increased healthy behaviors
Improved health outcomes
Evidence of Effectiveness
Parish nursing is a suggested strategy to improve health behaviors and health outcomes (Dyess 2010, McGinnis 2008, Buijs 2001), especially among minority (Mendelson 2008, Hughes 2001) and low income populations (Monay 2010). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.
Available evidence suggests that, overall, health programs in faith-based organizations can be effective in primary prevention, health maintenance, cardiovascular health, and cancer-related efforts (DeHaven 2004). Simple interventions provided through parish nurses, such as an extra one hour education session, may result in improved health promoting behaviors (Mendelson 2008). However, referrals to parish nurses are less effective than setting up appointments with physicians for controlling blood pressure (Baig 2010).
Parish nursing may enable limited domain partnerships, allowing churches and medical centers to temporarily work together on common goals (Brudenell 2003).
- Soper S. Faith community nurses work with local, trusted organizations to enhance access to primary and preventive care for low-income individuals in Los Angeles. Rockville: AHRQ Health Care Innovations Exchange. Accessed on January 26, 2016
- Stewart EE, Taylor-Post N, Nichols L, Staton EW, Schleuning A. Linking primary care patients to local resources for better management of obesity. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ); 2014. Accessed on March 1, 2016
Citations - Description
- Coenen A, Weis DM, Schank MJ, Matheus R. Describing parish nurse practice using the nursing minimum data set. Public Health Nursing. 1999;16(6):412-6. Accessed on December 14, 2015
- Weis D, Matheus R, Schank MJ. Health care delivery in faith communities: The parish nurse model. Public Health Nursing. 1997;14(6):368-72. Accessed on November 18, 2015
Citations - Evidence
- Baig AA, Mangione CM, Sorrell-Thompson AL, Miranda JM. A randomized community-based intervention trial comparing faith community nurse referrals to telephone-assisted physician appointments for health fair participants with elevated blood pressure. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2010;25(7):701-9. Accessed on December 1, 2015
- Brudenell I. Parish nursing: Nurturing body, mind, spirit, and community. Public Health Nursing. 2003;20(2):85-94. Accessed on November 24, 2015
- Buijs R, Olson J. Parish nurses influencing determinants of health. Journal of Community Health Nursing. 2001;18(1):13-23. Accessed on December 1, 2015
- DeHaven MJ, Hunter IB, Wilder L, Walton JW, Berry J. Health programs in faith-based organizations: Are they effective? American Journal of Public Health. 2004;94(6):1030-6. Accessed on December 10, 2015
- Dyess S, Chase SK, Newlin K. State of research for Faith Community Nursing 2009. Journal of Religion and Health. 2010;49(2):188-99. Accessed on December 16, 2015
- Hughes CB, Trofino J, O’Brien BL, Mack J, Marrinan M. Primary care parish nursing: Outcomes and implications. Nursing Administration Quarterly. 2001;26(1):45-59. Accessed on February 1, 2016
- McGinnis SL, Zoske FM. The emerging role of faith community nurses in prevention and management of chronic disease. Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice. 2008;9(3):173-80. Accessed on March 14, 2016
- Mendelson SG, McNeese-Smith D, Koniak-Griffin D, Nyamathi A, Lu MC. A community-based parish nurse intervention program for Mexican American women with gestational diabetes. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. 2008;37(4):415-25. Accessed on March 1, 2016
- Monay V, Mangione CM, Sorrell-Thompson A, Baig AA. Services delivered by faith-community nurses to individuals with elevated blood pressure. Public Health Nursing. 2010;27(6):537-543. Accessed on March 1, 2016
Page Last Updated
June 11, 2015
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