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Holistic approaches to reduce risky sexual behavior among adolescents

Health Factors: Sexual Activity
Decision Makers: Educators Public Health Professionals & Advocates
Evidence Rating: Insufficient Evidence
Population Reach: 10-19% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Interventions aimed at reducing risky sexual behavior among adolescents can be coordinated with work, vocational training, or sports, providing a more holistic approach to health and wellness. Such interventions often include components focused directly on pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention in addition to activities related to work, vocational training, or sports.

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced risky sexual behavior
Increased HIV and STI knowledge
Increased self-efficacy
Increased condom use
Increased STI testing

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether youth development behavioral interventions coordinated with work, vocational training, or sports reduce sexual risk behaviors among adolescents (CG-HIV/AIDS and pregnancy). Available evidence suggests that sports-based HIV prevention interventions may positively affect HIV-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and condom use in the short-term (Kaufman 2012), and an intervention within vocational training in the Netherlands yielded increases in STI testing among older adolescents (Wolfers 2011). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.

Citations - Evidence

CG-HIV/AIDS and pregnancy - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). HIV/AIDS, STIs, and pregnancy. Accessed on March 22, 2017
Kaufman 2012* - Kaufman A. Effectiveness of sport-based HIV prevention interventions: A systematic review of the evidence. AIDS and Behavior. 2013;17(3):987–1001. Accessed on November 20, 2015
Wolfers 2011 - Wolfers M, Kok G, Looman C, de Zwart O, Mackenbach J. Promoting STI testing among senior vocational students in Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Effects of a cluster randomized study. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(1):937. Accessed on November 24, 2015

Page Last Updated

February 10, 2015

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