|Health Factors:||Alcohol & Drug Use|
|Decision Makers:||Employers & Businesses Grantmakers Nonprofit Leaders Public Health Professionals & Advocates|
|Population Reach:||50-99% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
Is this program or policy in use in your community? Tell us about it.
Programs to encourage use of designated drivers can be population-based campaigns that use mass media and other channels to promote designated driver use or incentive programs based in drinking establishments. Incentive programs offer free items (e.g., drinks or food) to encourage customers to act as designated drivers (CG-Motor vehicle injury). Commercial for-profit or non-profit transportation services can also provide designated drivers who drive intoxicated individuals home in their own car (NDDDS).
There is insufficient evidence to determine whether population-based or incentive-based designated driver promotion programs reduce alcohol-impaired driving (CG-Motor vehicle injury). Available evidence suggests that such promotion programs may increase the number of designated drivers (CG-Motor vehicle injury), however, only a minority of designated drivers appear to abstain from drinking entirely (IAS-Anderson 2006). A South Korea-based study suggests that alcohol-related traffic fatalities decrease as availability of commercial designated driver programs increases (Chung 2014). Researchers suggest that such programs be implemented along with other efforts to reduce alcohol-impaired driving (NHTSA-Decina 2009). Additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.
As of July 2015, 45 states and Washington, DC have commercial or non-profit designated driver services (NDDDS).
As of July 2015, designated driver services operate in Dane, Milwaukee, Rock, and Brown counties (NDDDS).
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