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Campus alcohol bans

Health Factors: Alcohol & Drug Use
Decision Makers: Educators
Evidence Rating: Insufficient Evidence
Population Reach: 1-9% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Campus alcohol bans at colleges and universities restrict consumption of alcohol in designated areas. Bans can restrict consumption of alcohol anywhere on campus or only in specific areas such as residence halls or other student housing.

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced excessive drinking
Reduced underage drinking
Reduced sexual violence

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether banning alcohol on college campuses reduces underage and excessive drinking. Available evidence suggests campus-wide bans may reduce heavy drinking in some cases (Wechsler 2001a, Fuertes 2016, Walter 2012) and alcohol use overall (Williams 2004), but have no effect on mild or moderate drinking (Fuertes 2016). Banning both alcohol and cigarette use in substance-free student housing may decrease alcohol use (Wechsler 2001b), but alcohol-free student housing alone appears not to reduce alcohol use (Williams 2004, Wechsler 2001b). Alcohol and substance bans in student housing are associated with decreases in unwanted sexual advances, sexual assaults, and property damage (Wechsler 2002, Wechsler 2001b). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects (NIAAA-Environmental strategies, Lippy 2016).

Implementation

United States

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) provides a directory of alcohol policies from thousands of colleges and universities (NIAAA-College alcohol policies). Mississippi State University, Oklahoma State University, and University of Missouri are examples of public universities with campus-wide bans on alcohol (MSU-Alcohol, OSU-Alcohol, MU-Alcohol).

Wisconsin

Wisconsin Lutheran College and Carthage College have a campus-wide alcohol ban which prohibits use or possession of alcoholic beverages on campus, in student housing, and at college-sponsored student events (WLC-Statement, Carthage-AODA policy). University of Wisconsin Colleges prohibit use or possession of alcohol beverages on all university premises except as permitted by institutional regulations (UWS-Code of conduct 18.09).

Implementation Resources

CollegeAIM - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. CollegeAIM: Alcohol intervention matrix. Accessed on October 29, 2018
NIAAA-College alcohol policies - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). NIAAA college alcohol policies directory. Accessed on October 29, 2018

Citations - Evidence

Fuertes 2016* - Fuertes JN, Hoffman A. Alcohol consumption and abuse among college students: Alarming rates among the best and the brightest. College Student Journal. 2016;50(2):236-240. Accessed on November 5, 2018
Lippy 2016 - Lippy C, Degue S. Exploring alcohol policy approaches to prevent sexual violence perpetration. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse. 2016;17(1):26-42. Accessed on November 5, 2018
NIAAA-Environmental strategies - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). CollegeAIM: Environmental-level strategies. Accessed on October 29, 2018
Walter 2012* - Walter G, Kowalczyk J. The effectiveness of alcohol policies in 4-year public universities. Journal of Community Health. 2012;37(2):520-528. Accessed on November 5, 2018
Wechsler 2001a* - Wechsler H, Lee JE, Gledhill-Hoyt J, Nelson TF. Alcohol use and problems at colleges banning alcohol: Results of national survey. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2001;62(2):133-41. Accessed on October 16, 2018
Wechsler 2001b* - Wechsler H, Lee JE, Nelson TF, Lee H. Drinking levels, alcohol problems and secondhand effects in substance-free college residences: Results of a national study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2001;62(1):23-31. Accessed on October 16, 2018
Wechsler 2002 - Wechsler H, Eun J, Drph L, et al. Underage college students’ drinking behavior, access to alcohol, and the influence of deterrence policies: Findings from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study. Journal of American College Health. 2002;50(5):223-236. Accessed on November 5, 2018
Williams 2004* - Williams J, Liccardo R, Chaloupka FJ, Wechsler H. Alcohol and marijuana use among college students: Economic complements or substitutes? Health Economics. 2004;13(9):825-843. Accessed on November 5, 2018

Citations - Implementation

Carthage-AODA policy - Carthage College. Community code: Alcohol and other drug abuse (AODA) policy. Accessed on October 29, 2018
MSU-Alcohol - Mississippi State University (MSU). Alcohol and illegal drugs. Accessed on November 1, 2018
MU-Alcohol - University of Missouri (MU). Drug and alcohol policy. Accessed on November 1, 2018
NIAAA-College alcohol policies - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). NIAAA college alcohol policies directory. Accessed on October 29, 2018
OSU-Alcohol - Oklahoma State University (OSU). Do's and don'ts: Social life. Accessed on November 1, 2018
UWS-Code of conduct 18.09 - Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System (UWS). UWS 18.09 Code of conduct: Alcohol and drug prohibitions. Accessed on October 29, 2018
WLC-Statement - Wisconsin Lutheran College (WLC). Statement of understanding. Accessed on October 22, 2018

Page Last Updated

October 26, 2018

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