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Alcohol sales restrictions

Health Factors: Alcohol & Drug Use
Decision Makers: Local Government State Government
Evidence Rating: Some Evidence
Population Reach: 50-99% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Limiting the days or times alcohol can be sold is one way to regulate access to alcohol. Such policies can apply to bars and restaurants (on-premise) or to off-premise outlets such as liquor stores and convenience stores. Most policies limiting days of sale target weekend days, usually Sunday (CG-Alcohol).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced excessive drinking
Reduced alcohol-related harms

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is some evidence that maintaining limits on the days or times alcohol can be sold prevents excessive alcohol consumption and related harms; evidence is strongest for maintaining existing limits on days of sale (CG-Alcohol). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects and identify the most effective limits.

Repealing limits on days of sale in on- and off-premise settings has been shown to increase alcohol consumption and motor vehicle related harms in the United States and abroad (CG-Alcohol). Imposing limits on days of sale in off-setting premises may reduce alcohol-related violence and injuries in addition to decreasing consumption (CG-Alcohol).

Increasing hours of sale by two or more hours has been shown to increase alcohol consumption and related harms (motor vehicle and other) in on-premise settings in Europe and Australia (CG-Alcohol). Effects are less certain when hours of sale are increased by less than two hours (CG-Alcohol).

Implementation

United States

Regulations regarding on and off-premise alcohol sales vary by state.

Wisconsin

Off premise locations such as liquor stores may not sell intoxicating liquor and wine between 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. and may not sell beer between midnight and 6:00 a.m. On premise locations (i.e., bars and restaurants) must be closed between 2:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. Monday through Friday and 2:30 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. Saturday and Sunday (WI DOR-Alcohol and tobacco).

Citations - Description

CG-Alcohol - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Excessive alcohol consumption. Accessed on December 19, 2016

Citations - Evidence

CG-Alcohol - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Excessive alcohol consumption. Accessed on December 19, 2016

Citations - Implementation

WI DOR-Alcohol and tobacco - Wisconsin Department of Revenue (WI DOR). Wisconsin alcohol beverage and tobacco laws for retailers. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Revenue; 2012:Publication 302 Accessed on February 20, 2017

Page Last Updated

May 29, 2013