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Alcohol days of sale restrictions

Health Factors: Alcohol & Drug Use
Decision Makers: Local Government State Government
Evidence Rating: Some Evidence
Population Reach: 50-99% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: Likely to decrease disparities

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Description

States and municipalities can limit the days alcohol can be sold in on-premise settings such as bars and restaurants or in off-premise outlets such as liquor and convenience stores. Regulations regarding on and off-premise alcohol sales vary by state; most policies that limit days of sale focus on weekend days, usually Sunday. Some states and municipalities also places limits on times of sale (CG-Alcohol).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced excessive drinking
Reduced alcohol-related harms
Reduced crime

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is some evidence that maintaining limits on the days alcohol can be sold prevents excessive alcohol consumption and related harms (CG-Alcohol). Additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.

Overall, repealing limits on days of sale in on- and off-premise settings has been shown to increase alcohol consumption and motor vehicle-related harms in the United States and abroad (CG-Alcohol, Yoruk 2013). Imposing limits on days of sale in off-setting premises may reduce alcohol-related violence and injuries and decrease consumption (CG-Alcohol). A Virginia-based study suggests that repealing Sunday alcohol sales restrictions in off-premise outlets is associated with increases in minor and alcohol-related crime (Heaton 2012), and a Philadelphia-based study indicates an association with increased crime levels overall, particularly in low income urban neighborhoods (Han 2016).

Limits on the times of sale may also affect alcohol consumption and related harms. Increasing hours of sale by two or more hours has been shown to increase alcohol consumption and related harms in on-premise settings in Europe and Australia; effects are less certain when hours of sale are increased by less than two hours (CG-Alcohol).

Implementation

United States

As of January 2017, 39 states regulate sales of liquor on Sunday statewide or locally, twenty of these states ban Sunday liquor sales at off-premise outlets statewide (DISCUS-Sunday sales).

Wisconsin

In Wisconsin, on-premise locations (i.e., bars and restaurants) must be closed between 2:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. Monday through Friday and 2:30 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. Saturday and Sunday. Wisconsin also bans sales of intoxicating liquor and wine at off-premise locations such as liquor stores between 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. and sales of beer between midnight and 6:00 a.m. (WI DOR-Alcohol and tobacco).

Citations - Description

CG-Alcohol - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Excessive alcohol consumption. Accessed on May 16, 2017

Citations - Evidence

CG-Alcohol - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Excessive alcohol consumption. Accessed on May 16, 2017
Han 2016* -

Han S, Branas CC, Macdonald JM. The effect of a Sunday liquor-sales ban repeal on crime: A triple-difference analysis. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2016;40(5):1111-1121.

Accessed on May 18, 2017
Heaton 2012* - Heaton P. Sunday liquor laws and crime. Journal of Public Economics. 2012;96(1-2):42-52. Accessed on May 18, 2017
Yoruk 2013* - Yörük BK. Legalization of Sunday alcohol sales and alcohol consumption in the United States. Addiction. 2013;109(1):55-61. Accessed on May 18, 2017

Citations - Implementation

DISCUS-Sunday sales - The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS). States allowing Sunday sales of distilled spirits. 2017. Accessed on May 18, 2017
WI DOR-Alcohol and tobacco - Wisconsin Department of Revenue (WI DOR). Wisconsin alcohol beverage and tobacco laws for retailers. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Revenue; 2012:Publication 302 Accessed on February 20, 2017

Page Last Updated

May 15, 2017

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