|Health Factors:||Alcohol & Drug Use|
|Decision Makers:||Local Government State Government|
|Population Reach:||50-99% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
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Limiting the days or times alcohol can be sold is one way to regulate access to alcohol. Such policies can apply to bars and restaurants (on-premise) or to off-premise outlets such as liquor stores and convenience stores. Most policies limiting days of sale target weekend days, usually Sunday (CG-Alcohol).
There is some evidence that maintaining limits on the days or times alcohol can be sold prevents excessive alcohol consumption and related harms; evidence is strongest for maintaining existing limits on days of sale (CG-Alcohol). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects and identify the most effective limits.
Repealing limits on days of sale in on- and off-premise settings has been shown to increase alcohol consumption and motor vehicle related harms in the United States and abroad (CG-Alcohol). Imposing limits on days of sale in off-setting premises may reduce alcohol-related violence and injuries in addition to decreasing consumption (CG-Alcohol).
Increasing hours of sale by two or more hours has been shown to increase alcohol consumption and related harms (motor vehicle and other) in on-premise settings in Europe and Australia (CG-Alcohol). Effects are less certain when hours of sale are increased by less than two hours (CG-Alcohol).
Regulations regarding on and off-premise alcohol sales vary by state.
Off premise locations such as liquor stores may not sell intoxicating liquor and wine between 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. and may not sell beer between midnight and 6:00 a.m. On premise locations (i.e., bars and restaurants) must be closed between 2:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. Monday through Friday and 2:30 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. Saturday and Sunday (WI DOR-Alcohol and tobacco).