|Health Factors:||Alcohol & Drug Use|
|Decision Makers:||Local Government State Government Federal Government|
|Population Reach:||50-99% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
Is this program or policy in use in your community? Tell us about it.
Enhanced enforcement programs initiate or increase the frequency of retailer compliance checks for laws prohibiting the sale of alcohol to minors. Retailer compliance checks are generally conducted by local law enforcement or alcohol beverage control agencies along with other efforts to reduce underage drinking (e.g., mass media campaigns publicizing enforcement activities). Violators receive legal or administrative sanctions (CG-Alcohol).
There is strong evidence that enhanced enforcement of laws that prohibit alcohol sales to minors reduces retail sales to minors (CG-Alcohol, RAND-Imm 2007). Such enforcement also appears to reduce underage alcohol consumption (CG-Alcohol, IOM-Underage drinking 2004). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.
Enhanced enforcement programs have been shown to reduce sales to minors of various racial and ethnic groups in both bars and liquor stores, in rural and urban communities (CG-Alcohol). Research suggests that compliance checks are most effective when checks are frequent, well-publicized, well-designed, solicit community support, and involve penalties to the licensed establishment, instead of just the server (RAND-Imm 2007).
Baltimore’s Campus Community Initiative of the Combating Underage Drinking Coalition is one example of a community effort that includes enhanced enforcement of laws prohibiting sales to minors (NACCHO-Baltimore alcohol).