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Keg registration laws

Health Factors: Alcohol & Drug Use
Decision Makers: Local Government State Government
Evidence Rating: Insufficient Evidence
Population Reach: 10-19% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Beer keg registration laws require unique identifiable markers on returnable kegs of beer sold for private use. Keg registration laws can be implemented at both the local and state level, often as part of a multi-component approach to underage drinking. Laws vary by state, but may require recording of the purchaser’s name and address, date of birth, and intended use of the keg, as well as date of sale, keg registration number, information regarding penalties for careless or illegal use, and signature acknowledging penalties for illegal use (Wagenaar 2005).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced impaired driving
Reduced underage drinking
Reduced excessive drinking

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether keg registration laws decrease underage drinking and drinking and driving by minors (Child Trends-Sacks 2014, Ringwalt 2011, Wagenaar 2005). Available evidence suggests that states that have more stringent alcohol control and underage drinking policies, including keg registration laws and regulations, may have less binge drinking (Wechsler 2008) and fewer drunk driving traffic fatalities among youth than states with less stringent laws (Fell 2009, Fell 2008, RAND-Imm 2007). However, keg registration laws alone may not decrease adolescents’ per capita beer consumption, binge drinking, driving after drinking, or likelihood of riding with someone who has been drinking (Ringwalt 2011).

Implementation

United States

As of 2014, thirty-one states and Washington, DC had keg registration laws (APIS-Keg registration).

Wisconsin

Keg registration is not required on a statewide basis in Wisconsin (APIS-Keg registration). However, some local communities have enacted ordinances. For example, a form of keg registration was passed in Madison that requires keg delivery requests be made in person at the store and with two forms of ID. Additionally, the purchaser must be present at the delivery address to sign for the delivery (UMN-AEP).

Implementation Resources

APIS-Keg registration - Alcohol Policy Information System (APIS). Retail sales: Keg registration. Accessed on November 24, 2015
Iowa-Keg registration - State of Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division (IowaABD). Keg registration. Accessed on February 5, 2016
UMN-AEP - University of Minnesota Alcohol Epidemiology Program (UMN-AEP). Alcohol control policy descriptions. Accessed on April 17, 2017

Citations - Description

Wagenaar 2005* - Wagenaar AC, Harwood EM, Silianoff C, Toomey TL. Measuring public policy: The case of beer keg registration laws. Evaluation and Program Planning. 2005;28(4):359–67. Accessed on November 19, 2015

Citations - Evidence

Child Trends-Sacks 2014 - Sacks VH, Moore KA, Ramirez AN, Terzian MA. An analysis of state underage drinking policies and adolescent alcohol use. Washington, DC: Child Trends; 2014:40. Accessed on March 7, 2016
Fell 2008* - Fell JC, Fisher DA, Voas RB, Blackman K, Tippetts AS. The relationship of underage drinking laws to reductions in drinking drivers in fatal crashes in the United States. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2008;40(4):1430-40. Accessed on February 5, 2016
Fell 2009* - Fell JC, Fisher DA, Voas RB, Blackman K, Tippetts AS. The impact of underage drinking laws on alcohol-related fatal crashes of young drivers. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2009;33(7):1208-19. Accessed on February 4, 2016
RAND-Imm 2007 - Imm P, Chinman M, Wandersman A, et al. Preventing underage drinking: Using Getting To Outcomes™ with the SAMHSA strategic prevention framework to achieve results. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation; 2007: Technical Report 403. Accessed on June 23, 2017
Ringwalt 2011 - Ringwalt CL, Paschall MJ. The utility of keg registration laws: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2011;48(1):106-8. Accessed on November 9, 2015
Wagenaar 2005* - Wagenaar AC, Harwood EM, Silianoff C, Toomey TL. Measuring public policy: The case of beer keg registration laws. Evaluation and Program Planning. 2005;28(4):359–67. Accessed on November 19, 2015
Wechsler 2008 - Wechsler H, Nelson TF. What we have learned from the Harvard School Of Public Health College Alcohol Study: Focusing attention on college student alcohol consumption and the environmental conditions that promote it. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2008;69(4):481-90. Accessed on November 18, 2015

Citations - Implementation

APIS-Keg registration - Alcohol Policy Information System (APIS). Retail sales: Keg registration. Accessed on November 24, 2015
UMN-AEP - University of Minnesota Alcohol Epidemiology Program (UMN-AEP). Alcohol control policy descriptions. Accessed on April 17, 2017

Page Last Updated

August 18, 2015

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