|Health Factors:||Alcohol & Drug Use|
|Decision Makers:||State Government|
|Population Reach:||50-99% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
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Dram shop liability laws allow owners or servers at retail establishments where a customer recently consumed alcoholic beverages to be held legally responsible for harms inflicted by that customer (CG-Alcohol).
There is strong evidence that dram shop liability laws prevent and reduce alcohol-related harms (CG-Alcohol, IAS-Anderson 2006). Dram shop liability laws are associated with reductions in alcohol-related motor vehicle fatalities, alcohol-related violence, alcohol-related disease (CG-Alcohol), overall motor vehicle fatalities, and homicide (CG-Alcohol, IAS-Anderson 2006).
Nearly all states have these laws in some form; laws vary in total liability and other criteria (NCSL-Dram shop).
A server can be held liable for damages if they knew or should have known that the individual was under the legal age and the alcoholic beverages were a substantial factor in causing injury to a third party (NCSL-Dram shop).