|Health Factors:||Alcohol & Drug Use|
|Decision Makers:||Local Government State Government Federal Government|
|Population Reach:||50-99% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
Is this program or policy in use in your community? Tell us about it.
Privatization of retail alcohol sales occurs when government control over sales is repealed, allowing commercial retailers to sell alcoholic beverages. Privatization generally applies only to off-premise outlets, such as liquor stores, and can occur at various levels of government (CG-Alcohol).
There is strong evidence that privatization, repealing government control and allowing commercial retailing of alcoholic beverages, increases per capita alcohol consumption (CG-Alcohol, Treno 2014). Per capita alcohol consumption is a well-established proxy for excessive consumption (CG-Alcohol). Privatization is also associated with increases in alcohol-related mortality and health problems (Treno 2014).
A Pennsylvania-based study suggests that privatization of alcohol retail sales may increase alcohol outlet density (Grubesic 2012), which has also been shown to contribute to increased alcohol consumption (CG-Alcohol). A Washington-based study indicates increases in the number of alcohol outlets and assaults following privatization of wholesale distribution and retail sales of alcohol (Tabb 2016).
* Journal subscription may be required for access.