|Health Factors:||Alcohol & Drug Use|
|Decision Makers:||Local Government State Government Federal Government|
|Population Reach:||50-99% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
Is this program or policy in use in your community? Tell us about it.
Enforcement of sales to intoxicated persons (SIP) laws, also known as overservice laws, reflect proactive community efforts to prohibit alcoholic beverage service to intoxicated customers in alcohol outlets such as bars, restaurants, and liquor stores. Such efforts are carried out by Alcohol Beverage Control personnel or plainclothes or uniformed police and may include walk-throughs, random inspections, last call enforcement, blood alcohol concentration testing, and media messaging (Erickson 2015). Violations may result in fines, imprisonment, or revocation of a retailer’s license. Alcohol beverage outlets are often informed of enforcement plans, and managers and staff are provided with education and training to help prevent service to intoxicated customers (CG-Alcohol).
There is insufficient evidence to determine whether initiatives to enforce sales to intoxicated persons (SIP) laws reduce excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms (CG-Alcohol). Available evidence suggests that such efforts can reduce service to intoxicated customers and reduce alcohol impaired driving, particularly when implemented in areas at high-risk for excessive use (CG-Alcohol, Jones 2011a). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.
Research suggests that visual observation in on-premise outlets may not support accurate identification of intoxicated individuals (Barry 2014). Use of valid and widely accepted criteria to define intoxication, implementation of unbiased enforcement procedures, adoption of clear and sufficiently severe penalties for violations, and efforts to increase alcohol outlet staff’s awareness of ongoing enforcement and consequences for violation appear to support successful enforcement efforts (Graham 2014).
A nationwide survey of local law enforcement agencies suggests that SIP laws are underutilized (Lenk 2014).
Forty-eight states and Washington DC regulate alcohol sales to intoxicated people by law. Forty-six states and Washington DC impose penalties for violations via criminal laws and administrative laws. Florida and Nevada do not have state-level sales to intoxicated persons (SIP) laws (NHTSA-SIP laws, CAMY-SIP laws).
Wisconsin prohibits alcohol beverage sales to intoxicated persons by law and imposes penalties of up to $500 fine or imprisonment per violation (WI Statute 125.07).
* Journal subscription may be required for access.