Family-based social support for physical activity
Diet & Exercise
Community Members Educators Nonprofit Leaders
||20-49% of WI's population
|Impact on Disparities:
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Family-based social support interventions for physical activity attempt to change health behavior using techniques that increase family members’ support for positive changes. Programs typically include joint or separate educational sessions on health, goal-setting, problem-solving, or family behavioral management and often incorporate physical activities.
Expected Beneficial Outcomes
Increased physical activity
Improved physical fitness
Improved weight status
Evidence of Effectiveness
Family-based social support programs for physical activity are a suggested strategy to increase physical activity and physical fitness among children (Cochrane-Waters 2011, Katz 2008). Some studies suggest that family and parent support can positively influence weight status in children when incorporated with multi-component interventions (Campbell 2007, Nixon 2012, Kitzman-Ulrich 2010, Niemeier 2012). A number of other studies find inconclusive results (CG-Physical activity, OConnor 2009, van Sluijs 2011, Knowlden 2012). Additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.
Programs that encourage family members to change behaviors or lose weight with their children may more effectively help overweight children lose weight than programs where family members adhere only to a supporting role (Barr-Anderson 2013). In one study, family functioning shows small but significant associations with weight-related behaviors (Berge 2013). Parenting styles may also influence eating behaviors and physical activity levels (Sleddens 2011).
Family-based social support programs for physical activity are implemented throughout the country. Programs can be implemented as independent single component programs, or combined to compliment other interventions. Examples include CARDIAC Kinder (RTIP-CARDIAC Kinder) and the Children’s Health and Activity Modification Program (CHAMP).
Active Bodies, Active Minds
- Washington Active Bodies Active Minds. Screen-time reduction information and resources for people who care for preschool-aged children. Accessed on November 24, 2015
- Office of Women's Health (OWH). Bodyworks: A toolkit for healthy teens & strong families. Washington, DC: Office of Women's Health (OWH), US Department of Health and Human Services (US DHHS); 2012. Accessed on March 16, 2017
Citations - Evidence
- Barr-Anderson DJ, Adams-Wynn AW, DiSantis KI, Kumanyika S. Family-focused physical activity, diet and obesity interventions in African-American girls: A systematic review. Obesity Reviews. 2013;14(1):29–51. Accessed on November 27, 2015
- Berge JM, Wall M, Larson N, Loth KA, Neumark-Sztainer D. Family functioning: Associations with weight status, eating behaviors, and physical activity in adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2013;52(3):351–7. Accessed on December 1, 2015
- Campbell KJ, Hesketh KD. Strategies which aim to positively impact on weight, physical activity, diet and sedentary behaviours in children from zero to five years: A systematic review of the literature. Obesity. 2007;8(4):327-38. Accessed on November 24, 2015
- The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Physical activity. Accessed on December 19, 2016
- Waters E, de Silva-Sanigorski A, Burford BJ, et al. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011;(12):CD001871. Accessed on December 14, 2015
- Katz D, O’Connell M, Njike V, Yeh M-C, Nawaz H. Strategies for the prevention and control of obesity in the school setting: Systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Obesity. 2008;32(12):1780-9. Accessed on February 17, 2016
- Kitzman-Ulrich H, Wilson DK, St. George SM, et al. The integration of a family systems approach for understanding youth obesity, physical activity, and dietary programs. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. 2010;13(3):231–53. Accessed on February 16, 2016
- Knowlden AP, Sharma M. Systematic review of family and home-based interventions targeting paediatric overweight and obesity. Obesity Reviews. 2012;13(6):499-508. Accessed on February 29, 2016
- Niemeier BS, Hektner JM, Enger KB. Parent participation in weight-related health interventions for children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine. 2012;55(1):3–13. Accessed on March 14, 2016
- Nixon CA, Moore HJ, Douthwaite W, et al. Identifying effective behavioural models and behaviour change strategies underpinning preschool- and school-based obesity prevention interventions aimed at 4-6-year-olds: A systematic review. Obesity Reviews. 2012;13(Suppl 1):106-17. Accessed on March 3, 2016
- O’Connor TM, Jago R, Baranowski T. Engaging parents to increase youth physical activity: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2009;37(2):141-9. Accessed on March 14, 2016
- Sleddens EFC, Gerards SMP, Thijs C, de Vries NK, Kremers SPJ. General parenting, childhood overweight and obesity-inducing behaviors: A review. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 2011;6(2Part2):e12–27. Accessed on November 9, 2015
van Sluijs 2011*
- van Sluijs EMF, Kriemler S, McMinn AM. The effect of community and family interventions on young people’s physical activity levels: A review of reviews and updated systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2011;45(11):914-22. Accessed on December 12, 2015
Citations - Implementation
- Lawson Foundation (LF). Children’s health and activity modification program (CHAMP): Western University (2008-2009). Accessed on December 10, 2015
- Research-Tested Intervention Programs (RTIPs). CARDIAC kinder. Accessed on May 24, 2016
Page Last Updated
January 9, 2014
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