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Trauma-informed approaches to community building

Health Factors: Family & Social Support
Decision Makers: Local Government Nonprofit Leaders
Evidence Rating: Expert Opinion
Population Reach: 10-19% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: Likely to decrease disparities

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Description

Trauma-informed approaches to community building use a comprehensive, multi-stakeholder approach to support and strengthen traumatized and distressed residents and communities and address the effects of unresolved trauma such as violence, poverty, homelessness, social isolation, and racism. Efforts often include community building activities such as gardening, group exercises, and community art projects, along with housing development, leadership training, and supports for low income and public housing residents (BRIDGE 2014, Peace4Tarpon).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Improved health outcomes
Increased social connectedness
Improved mental health
Increased physical activity
Improved neighborhood safety

Evidence of Effectiveness

Trauma-informed approaches to community building are a suggested strategy to improve health outcomes and social connections in low income communities (AECF-TICB 2015). Available evidence from early implementation of the Trauma Informed Community Building model in Potrero Hill, San Francisco suggests these initiatives may improve mental health and increase physical activity, increase connections among individuals from different cultures and generations, and increase feelings of safety among participants (AECF-TICB 2015). Evaluations of Peace4Tarpon, a Florida-based trauma informed effort, are not publicly available. Additional evidence is needed to confirm effects as this approach is implemented and studied more widely.

Implementation

United States

The Trauma Informed Community Building (TICB) model, developed by BRIDGE Housing Corporation and Health Equity Institute, incorporates housing development and community activities (BRIDGE 2014). Peace4Tarpon, a trauma informed community initiative in Tarpon Spring, Florida, supports low income school children and offers community events in partnership with other community-based organizations (Peace4Tarpon). Gainesville Florida launched Peace4Gainesville, modeled after Peace4Tarpon, in 2014 (Peace4Gainesville). A trauma informed community development initiative is also in its early stages in Pittsburgh, PA (FOCUS-Pittsburgh). 

Implementation Resources

US HUD-Community Building 2014 - US Department of Housing and Urban Development (US HUD). Community building in choice neighborhoods: Webinar on September 3, 2014. Accessed on February 23, 2017

Citations - Description

BRIDGE 2014 - Weinstein E, Wolin J, Rose S. Trauma informed community building: A model for strengthening community in trauma affected neighborhoods. San Francisco: BRIDGE Housing Corporation (BRIDGE), Health Equity Institute; 2014. Accessed on March 2, 2016
Peace4Tarpon - Peace4Tarpon. Trauma informed community initiative. Accessed on March 2, 2016

Citations - Evidence

AECF-TICB 2015 - Hope SF Learning Center. Trauma informed community building evaluation: A formative evaluation of the TICB model and its implementation in Potrero Hill. Baltimore, MD: The Annie E. Casey Foundation (AECF); 2015. Accessed on March 2, 2016

Citations - Implementation

BRIDGE 2014 - Weinstein E, Wolin J, Rose S. Trauma informed community building: A model for strengthening community in trauma affected neighborhoods. San Francisco: BRIDGE Housing Corporation (BRIDGE), Health Equity Institute; 2014. Accessed on March 2, 2016
FOCUS-Pittsburgh - FOCUS North America. Community development: what is trauma informed community development? Accessed on March 2, 2016
Peace4Gainesville - Peace4Gainesville. A trauma responsive community initiative. Accessed on March 2, 2016
Peace4Tarpon - Peace4Tarpon. Trauma informed community initiative. Accessed on March 2, 2016

Page Last Updated

March 26, 2016