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Job-sharing programs

Health Factors: Employment
Decision Makers: Employers & Businesses
Evidence Rating: Insufficient Evidence
Population Reach: 50-99% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Job-sharing is a flexible work arrangement in which the schedules of two part-time employees are arranged to cover the duties of a single full-time position, and each part-time employee retains the rights and privileges of the full-time position (Roche 1996).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Increased employment
Improved work-life balance

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether job-sharing increases employment. Available evidence suggests that job-sharing programs may increase productivity and reduce turnover and absenteeism but appear to have a negligible impact on unemployment rates overall (Roche 1996). Job-sharing is a suggested strategy to allow older workers to transition from full-time to part-time employment without retiring (Urban-Eyster 2008) and is often considered a family friendly policy (Roche 1996) that can support work-life balance (Watton 2016, Griffin 2014, Roche 1996). However, additional evidence is needed to determine effects.

Implementation

United States

Job sharing is possible for many federal employees (US OPM-Job sharing). Examples of other organizations and programs that support job sharing include Abbott, Lancaster Labs, and the Unified School District of Wichita, Kansas (Urban-Eyster 2008).

Implementation Resources

1MFWF-Job sharing - 1 Million for Work Flexibility (1MFWF). Job sharing. Accessed on September 1, 2017

Citations - Description

Roche 1996* - Roche WK, Fynes B, Morrissey T. Working time and employment: A review of international evidence. International Labour Review. 1996;135(2):129-57. Accessed on August 31, 2017

Citations - Evidence

Griffin 2014 - Griffin B, Vest K, Pohl S, Mazan J, Winkler S. Part-time and job-share careers among pharmacy practice faculty members. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2014;78(3),1-6 Accessed on September 1, 2017
Roche 1996* - Roche WK, Fynes B, Morrissey T. Working time and employment: A review of international evidence. International Labour Review. 1996;135(2):129-57. Accessed on August 31, 2017
Urban-Eyster 2008 - Eyster L, Johnson RW, Toder E. Current strategies to employ and retain older workers. Washington, DC: Urban Institute; 2008. Accessed on August 31, 2017
Watton 2016 - Watton E, Stables S. The benefits of job sharing: a practice-based case study. In Flynn PM, Haynes K, Kilgour MA, eds., Overcoming challenges to gender equality in the workplace: leadership and innovation. Greenleaf Publishing; 2016:66-77. Accessed on September 1, 2017

Citations - Implementation

Urban-Eyster 2008 - Eyster L, Johnson RW, Toder E. Current strategies to employ and retain older workers. Washington, DC: Urban Institute; 2008. Accessed on August 31, 2017
US OPM-Job sharing - United States Office of Personnel Management (US OPM). Hiring information: part-time & job sharing. Accessed on September 1, 2017

Page Last Updated

September 1, 2017

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