|Decision Makers:||Employers & Businesses|
|Population Reach:||50-99% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
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Stress management techniques are designed to help employees modify their appraisal of stressful situations or deal more effectively with the symptoms of stress. Examples of these techniques include: muscle relaxation, meditation, biofeedback, and cognitive-behavioral skills.
Interventions for work-related stress appear to have some positive impact, although extent is highly variable depending on specifics of program design and administration. van der Klink 2001 meta-analysis finds that stress management interventions are effective, and cognitive–behavioral interventions are more effective than the other types of interventions. Effects were most pronounced on: complaints, psychologic resources and responses, and perceived quality of work life. Murphy 1996 review finds that stress management in work settings can enhance worker physical and psychologic health, and stress-management techniques should be selected based on the specific health outcomes targeted for change. Combining two or more stress management techniques produced the most positive results across health outcomes. van der Hek 1997 review finds some evidence that organization-wide approaches show the best results on individual, individual-organizational interface, and organizational parameters.
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