|Decision Makers:||Community Members Educators Local Government Grantmakers Healthcare Professionals & Advocates|
|Population Reach:||<1% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
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Dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers typically offer multiple services such as remedial education, vocational training, case management, health care, transportation assistance, and child care. Some dropout prevention programs focus on attendance monitoring interventions, which can include contingencies or financial incentives for mothers to attend school, for example, making welfare receipt contingent on school attendance. Dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers are usually comprehensive and intense and last about a year. Such programs are also usually conducted in multiple community settings rather than exclusively at school (Campbell-Wilson 2011). In 2014, there were 24.2 births for every 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 19. Nationwide, half of all teenage mothers do not graduate from high school (CDC-Teen Pregnancy).
There is strong evidence that dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers, specifically multi-service programs and attendance monitoring programs, increase graduation rates (Campbell-Wilson 2011, CG-TFR Education, Steinka-Fry 2013).
Multi-service programs substantially increase the likelihood that teenage mothers will graduate from high school, with or without financial incentives to bolster attendance. On average, such programs increase graduation rates by 11 to 13 percentage points (Campbell-Wilson 2011, CG-TFR Education). Attendance monitoring and contingency programs that include mentoring services also increase graduation rates among pregnant and parenting students by 12 percentage points, on average (CG-TFR Education).
Research suggests that nurse home visiting programs that include life skills and educational counseling can increase graduation rates among teenage mothers (Koniak-Griffin 2000). Teen-Tot programs that offer counseling and medical care have been shown to help mothers graduate, decrease repeat pregnancies, and improve infant health outcomes in some circumstances (Akinbami 2001).
Implementation challenges can reduce the effectiveness of dropout prevention programs for pregnant or parenting students. Low program attendance and completion rates, administrative challenges (e.g., staffing, record access, eligibility, or bonus/sanction processing), and staff reluctance to discuss sexual behavior and birth control use with teen participants are common challenges to program implementation (Steinka-Fry 2013).
Various dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers are implemented in school districts and communities across the country (CDC-Teen Pregnancy). In 2010, 17 states received federal funding through pregnancy assistance grants for dropout prevention and continuing education efforts that support pregnant and parenting teens (NCSL-Teen pregnancy).
In 2014, there were 18.1 births for every 1000 Wisconsinite women between the ages of 15 and 19 (WI DHS-Births).
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