Social & Economic Factors Education Employment Income Family & Social Support Community Safety Search Policies & Programs

hints
Display All Policies & Programs

Dropout prevention programs for teen mothers

Health Factors: Education
Decision Makers: Community Members Educators Local Government Grantmakers Healthcare Professionals & Advocates
Evidence Rating: Scientifically Supported
Population Reach: <1% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: Likely to decrease disparities

Is this program or policy in use in your community? Tell us about it.

Description

Dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers typically offer multiple services such as remedial education, vocational training, case management, health care, transportation assistance, and child care. Some dropout prevention programs focus on attendance monitoring interventions, which can include contingencies or financial incentives for mothers to attend school, for example, making welfare receipt contingent on school attendance. Dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers are usually comprehensive and intense and last about a year. Such programs are also usually conducted in multiple community settings rather than exclusively at school (Campbell-Wilson 2011). In 2014, there were 24.2 births for every 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 19. Nationwide, half of all teenage mothers do not graduate from high school (CDC-Teen Pregnancy). 

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Increased high school graduation
Reduced teen pregnancy
Improved health outcomes

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is strong evidence that dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers, specifically multi-service programs and attendance monitoring programs, increase graduation rates (Campbell-Wilson 2011, CG-TFR Education, Steinka-Fry 2013).

Multi-service programs substantially increase the likelihood that teenage mothers will graduate from high school, with or without financial incentives to bolster attendance. On average, such programs increase graduation rates by 11 to 13 percentage points (Campbell-Wilson 2011, CG-TFR Education). Attendance monitoring and contingency programs that include mentoring services also increase graduation rates among pregnant and parenting students by 12 percentage points, on average (CG-TFR Education).

Research suggests that nurse home visiting programs that include life skills and educational counseling can increase graduation rates among teenage mothers (Koniak-Griffin 2000). Teen-Tot programs that offer counseling and medical care have been shown to help mothers graduate, decrease repeat pregnancies, and improve infant health outcomes in some circumstances (Akinbami 2001). 

Implementation challenges can reduce the effectiveness of dropout prevention programs for pregnant or parenting students. Low program attendance and completion rates, administrative challenges (e.g., staffing, record access, eligibility, or bonus/sanction processing), and staff reluctance to discuss sexual behavior and birth control use with teen participants are common challenges to program implementation (Steinka-Fry 2013).

Implementation

United States

Various dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers are implemented in school districts and communities across the country (CDC-Teen Pregnancy). In 2010, 17 states received federal funding through pregnancy assistance grants for dropout prevention and continuing education efforts that support pregnant and parenting teens (NCSL-Teen pregnancy).

Wisconsin

In 2014, there were 18.1 births for every 1000 Wisconsinite women between the ages of 15 and 19 (WI DHS-Births).

Implementation Resources

Healthy Teen Network - Healthy Teen Network (HTN). Making a difference in the lives of teens and young families. Accessed on July 1, 2016
NDPC-Resources - National Dropout Prevention Center/Network (NDPC) at Clemson University. Resources. Accessed on July 6, 2016
WI DPI-School-age parents - Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI). School-age parents. Accessed on July 1, 2016

Citations - Description

Campbell-Wilson 2011 - Wilson SJ, Tanner-Smith EE, Lipsey MW, Steinka-Fry KT, Morrison J. Dropout prevention and intervention programs: Effects on school completion and dropout among school-aged children and youth: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2011:8. Accessed on April 13, 2017
CDC-Teen Pregnancy - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Teen pregnancy: The importance of prevention. Accessed on July 1, 2016

Citations - Evidence

Akinbami 2001 - Akinbami LJ, Cheng TL, Kornfeld D. A review of teen-tot programs: Comprehensive clinical care for young parents and their children. Adolescence. 2001;36(142):381-93. Accessed on April 19, 2017
Campbell-Wilson 2011 - Wilson SJ, Tanner-Smith EE, Lipsey MW, Steinka-Fry KT, Morrison J. Dropout prevention and intervention programs: Effects on school completion and dropout among school-aged children and youth: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2011:8. Accessed on April 13, 2017
CG-TFR Education - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Task Force Recommends (TFR) Education Programs to Promote Health Equity. Accessed on December 19, 2016
Koniak-Griffin 2000* - Koniak-Griffin D, Anderson N, Verzemnieks I, Brecht ML. A public health nursing early intervention program for adolescent mothers: Outcomes from pregnancy through 6 weeks postpartum. Nursing Research. 2000;49(3):130-8. Accessed on July 1, 2016
Steinka-Fry 2013 - Steinka-Fry KT, Wilson SJ, Tanner-Smith EE. Effects of school dropout prevention programs for pregnant and parenting adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research. 2013;4(4):373–389. Accessed on July 5, 2016

Citations - Implementation

CDC-Teen Pregnancy - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Teen pregnancy: The importance of prevention. Accessed on July 1, 2016
NCSL-Teen pregnancy - National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). Teen pregnancy affects graduation rates: State policy options. Accessed on July 5, 2016
WI DHS-Births - Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS). Births and infant deaths. Accessed on July 1, 2016

Page Last Updated

July 6, 2016

* Journal subscription may be required for access.