Social & Economic Factors Education Employment Income Family & Social Support Community Safety Search Policies & Programs

hints
Display All Policies & Programs

Sports-related brain injury education

Health Factors: Community Safety
Decision Makers: Community Members Educators Nonprofit Leaders
Evidence Rating: Expert Opinion
Population Reach: 1-9% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

Is this program or policy in use in your community? Tell us about it.

Description

Education regarding sports-related brain injuries informs coaches, athletes, and parents of the severity of sports-related brain injuries or concussions, as well as proper prevention, detection, and treatment. Concussions are a type of traumatic brain injury that can occur through a fall or collision, or a blow to the head which causes the brain to move back and forth (CDC-Concussion). Education to prevent concussions in youth sports can be delivered through a combination of in-person lessons, videos, factsheets, or quizzes.

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced sports-related brain injury

Evidence of Effectiveness

Educating coaches, athletes, and parents about sports-related brain injuries is a suggested strategy to reduce concussions among youth athletes and prevent athletes from playing through concussion symptoms (McCrory 2009, CDC-Concussion). Available evidence suggests that in-person education and written materials may be more effective than video lessons and quizzes in increasing coach awareness of concussions; athlete attitudes toward self-reporting symptoms may still be barriers to coach awareness (Rivara 2014). Education programs that use multiple educational techniques may be more effective than programs that use one method (Chrisman 2014). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects.

Implementation

United States

As of May 2015, all states have enacted a youth sports traumatic brain injury (TBI) law; additional TBI-specific trainings for coaches are required by law in 27 states (LawAtlas-TBI). Most laws include education for coaches, parents, and athletes as a key action step, and require that an athlete who is suspected to have a concussion be removed from play (CDC-Concussion). Some schools and leagues supplement state laws with other policies, including an increased focus on education.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin passed concussion legislation in 2012 which requires all youth athletic organizations to educate parents, coaches, and athletes on concussion-risk. The Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association medical advisory committee has developed concussion guidelines, information, and educational resources for schools and other youth sports programs to use in their educational programs (WIAA-Concussions).

Implementation Resources

CDC-Heads Up - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Heads up: Concussion. Accessed on March 29, 2016

Citations - Description

CDC-Concussion - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Heads Up: Minimize the risk of concussion or other serious brain injury in sports. Accessed on February 2, 2016

Citations - Evidence

CDC-Concussion - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Heads Up: Minimize the risk of concussion or other serious brain injury in sports. Accessed on February 2, 2016
Chrisman 2014* - Chrisman SP, Schiff MA, Chung SK, Herring SA, Rivara FP. Implementation of concussion legislation and extent of concussion education for athletes, parents, and coaches in Washington state. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014: Epub ahead of print. Accessed on January 14, 2016
McCrory 2009 - McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Johnston K, et al. Consensus statement on concussion in sport - the Third International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2008. Journal of Athletic Training. 2009;44(4):434–48. Accessed on December 15, 2015
Rivara 2014* - Rivara FP, Schiff MA, Chrisman SP, et al. The effect of coach education on reporting on concussions among high school athletes after passage of a concussion law. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014;42(4): Epub. Accessed on December 15, 2015

Citations - Implementation

CDC-Concussion - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Heads Up: Minimize the risk of concussion or other serious brain injury in sports. Accessed on February 2, 2016
LawAtlas-TBI - Law Atlas. Youth sports traumatic brain injury (TBI) laws map. Accessed on March 14, 2016
WIAA-Concussions - Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association (WIAA). Concussion information. Accessed on February 5, 2016

Page Last Updated

March 14, 2016

* Journal subscription may be required for access.