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Enhanced seat belt enforcement programs

Health Factors: Community Safety
Decision Makers: Local Government State Government Federal Government
Evidence Rating: Scientifically Supported
Population Reach: 20-49% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Enhanced seat belt enforcement programs add publicity and other strategies to existing enforcement efforts (CG-Motor vehicle injury). Enhanced enforcement programs often include supplemental patrols, an increased number of officers on patrol, targeted patrols or publicity campaigns that increase public awareness of enhanced enforcement programs (NHTSA-Goodwin 2013). 

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Increased seat belt use
Reduced fatal and non-fatal injuries

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is strong evidence that enhanced seat belt enforcement programs increase seat belt use and reduce fatal and non-fatal injuries (CG-Motor vehicle injury). Programs are more effective in suburban and rural settings than urban areas (Dihn-Zarr 2001).

Enhanced enforcement programs that use targeted patrols are equally as effective as supplemental patrols in increasing seat belt use. Such programs have also led to additional arrests for other crimes, such as alcohol-impaired driving, possession of drugs or weapons, and license violations (Dihn-Zarr 2001).

Enhanced nighttime enforcement efforts have been shown to increase night seatbelt use (NHTSA-Solomon 2009, NHTSA-Thomas 2010).

Implementation

United States

Enhanced seat belt enforcement programs have been implemented at the city, county, state, and national levels (Dihn-Zarr 2001). Click It or Ticket is an example of a frequently used campaign (NHTSA-Marketing).

Implementation Resources

NHTSA-Marketing - National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Traffic Safety Marketing (TSM). Accessed on November 23, 2015

Citations - Description

CG-Motor vehicle injury - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Motor vehicle injury prevention. Accessed on June 20, 2017
NHTSA-Goodwin 2013 - Goodwin A, Sandt B, Hall W, Thomas L, O’Brien N, Summerlin D. Countermeasures that work: A highway safety countermeasure guide for state highway safety offices, 7th edition. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), US Department of Transportation (US DOT); 2013. Accessed on March 1, 2017

Citations - Evidence

CG-Motor vehicle injury - The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). Motor vehicle injury prevention. Accessed on June 20, 2017
Dihn-Zarr 2001 - Dihn-Zarr TB, Sleet DA, Shults RA, et al. Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to increase the use of safety belts. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2001; 21(4S):48-65. Accessed on December 22, 2015
NHTSA-Solomon 2009 - Solomon MG, Chaffe RHB, Preusser DF. Nighttime enforcement of seat belt laws: An evaluation of three community programs. Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), US Department of Transportation (US DOT); 2009. Accessed on March 1, 2017
NHTSA-Thomas 2010 - Thomas FD, Blomberg RD, Van Dyk, J. Evaluation of the first year of the Washington nighttime seat belt enforcement program. Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), US Department of Transportation (US DOT); 2010. Accessed on March 1, 2017

Citations - Implementation

Dihn-Zarr 2001 - Dihn-Zarr TB, Sleet DA, Shults RA, et al. Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to increase the use of safety belts. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2001; 21(4S):48-65. Accessed on December 22, 2015
NHTSA-Marketing - National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Traffic Safety Marketing (TSM). Accessed on November 23, 2015

Page Last Updated

June 2, 2015