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Advocacy for victims of intimate partner violence

Health Factors: Community Safety
Decision Makers: Grantmakers Healthcare Professionals & Advocates Nonprofit Leaders
Evidence Rating: Some Evidence
Population Reach: 10-19% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Advocates seek to empower victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) and link them with community services such as emergency shelter and psychological assistance. Advocates also provide legal, housing, and financial advice, and help victims establish safety plans. Rather than prescribing solutions, advocates try to help victims understand the abusive situation and achieve their own goals. Advocacy support can be short-term or crisis-focused or be more intensive, longer-term services, depending on victims’ needs and programs’ designs (Campbell-Rivas 2016).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced intimate partner violence
Improved quality of life
Reduced post-traumatic stress
Improved mental health

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is some evidence that advocate support reduces future physical abuse and increases quality of life for women who experience intimate partner violence when at least 12 hours of services are provided (Campbell-Rivas 2016). Community-based advocacy may reduce victims’ post-traumatic stress, depression, and fear (DePrince 2012). Additional research is needed to better understand the most effective advocacy method and to confirm effects on reoccurrence of other types of abuse and victims’ mental health (Campbell-Rivas 2016).

Implementation

United States

There are various efforts across the country to advocate for and support victims of intimate partner violence, for example, National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV) and National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV).

Wisconsin

Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence advocates for victims of intimate partner violence in the state and provides an advocate manual and resource information for victims (WCADV).

Implementation Resources

NCDVTM-IPV advocacy - National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma, & Mental Health (NCDVTM). Resources for advocates: Trauma-informed DV advocacy. Accessed on August 4, 2016

Citations - Description

Campbell-Rivas 2016 - Rivas C, Ramsay J, Sadowski L, et al. Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2016:2. Accessed on August 4, 2016

Citations - Evidence

Campbell-Rivas 2016 - Rivas C, Ramsay J, Sadowski L, et al. Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2016:2. Accessed on August 4, 2016
DePrince 2012 - DePrince AP, Labus J, Belknap J, Buckingham S, Gover A. The impact of community-based outreach on psychological distress and victim safety in women exposed to intimate partner abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2012;80(2):211–221. Accessed on August 4, 2016

Citations - Implementation

NCADV - National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV). The voice of victims and survivors. Accessed on August 7, 2016
NRCDV - National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV). Strengthen and transform efforts to end domestic violence. Accessed on August 4, 2016
WCADV - Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence (WCADV). End domestic abuse Wisconsin. Accessed on August 7, 2016

Page Last Updated

August 1, 2016