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Advocacy for victims of intimate partner violence

Health Factors: Community Safety
Decision Makers: Grantmakers Healthcare Professionals & Advocates Nonprofit Leaders
Evidence Rating: Insufficient Evidence
Population Reach: 10-19% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

Advocates work to empower victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) and link them with community services such as emergency shelter and psychological assistance, legal, housing, and financial advice, and help establishing safety plans. Advocates try to help victims understand the abusive situation and achieve their own goals, rather than prescribing pre-determined solutions. Advocacy support can be short-term, crisis-focused or include more intensive, longer-term services, depending on victims’ needs and programs’ designs (Campbell-Rivas 2016).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Reduced intimate partner violence
Improved quality of life
Reduced post-traumatic stress
Improved mental health

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether advocate support improves outcomes for victims of intimate partner violence (Campbell-Rivas 2016). Available evidence suggests that community-based advocacy may reduce victims’ post-traumatic stress, depression, and fear (DePrince 2012), and intensive advocacy can reduce future physical abuse and increase quality of life for victims (Campbell-Rivas 2016). However, additional evidence is needed to confirm effects and better understand which advocacy methods are most effective (Campbell-Rivas 2016).

Implementation

United States

There are various efforts across the country to advocate for and support victims of intimate partner violence, for example, National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV) and National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV).

Wisconsin

Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence advocates for victims of intimate partner violence in the state and provides an advocate manual and resource information for victims (WCADV).

Implementation Resources

NCDVTM-IPV advocacy - National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma, & Mental Health (NCDVTM). Resources for advocates: Trauma-informed DV advocacy. Accessed on June 13, 2017

Citations - Description

Campbell-Rivas 2016 - Rivas C, Ramsay J, Sadowski L, et al. Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2016:2. Accessed on June 13, 2017

Citations - Evidence

Campbell-Rivas 2016 - Rivas C, Ramsay J, Sadowski L, et al. Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2016:2. Accessed on June 13, 2017
DePrince 2012 - DePrince AP, Labus J, Belknap J, Buckingham S, Gover A. The impact of community-based outreach on psychological distress and victim safety in women exposed to intimate partner abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2012;80(2):211–221. Accessed on June 13, 2017

Citations - Implementation

NCADV - National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV). The voice of victims and survivors. Accessed on June 13, 2017
NRCDV - National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV). Strengthen and transform efforts to end domestic violence. Accessed on June 13, 2017
WCADV - Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence (WCADV). End domestic abuse Wisconsin. Accessed on June 13, 2017

Page Last Updated

June 15, 2017