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School-based intimate partner violence prevention programs

Health Factors: Community Safety
Decision Makers: Educators Local Government Grantmakers
Evidence Rating: Some Evidence
Population Reach: 10-19% of WI's population
Impact on Disparities: No impact on disparities likely

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Description

School-based programs to prevent youth intimate partner violence (IPV), also called teen dating violence, offer education and skill-building activities that address healthy relationships, gender norms, and relationship coercion, and build problem-solving skills. These programs are usually taught in a school setting and follow a structured curriculum (YG-Dating violence). Youth IPV includes physical, sexual, psychological, and emotional violence by a dating partner (CDC-Teen dating violence). Surveys suggest that IPV peaks in the late teens (O'Leary 2012). In 2015, 12% of dating female high school students and 7% of dating male high school students reported experiencing physical dating violence, and 16% of female and 5% of male students reported experiencing sexual dating violence (CDC MMWR-YRBSS 2016).

Expected Beneficial Outcomes

Increased knowledge of intimate partner violence
Reduced intimate partner violence
Reduced delinquent behavior
Increased condom use

Evidence of Effectiveness

There is some evidence that school-based programs to prevent youth intimate partner violence (IPV) increase knowledge about, and improve attitudes toward, teen dating violence (Campbell-De La Rue 2014) and avert dating violence (De Koker 2014, Whitaker 2006). However, effects vary by program; additional evidence is needed to confirm effects and identify the most successful interventions to reduce dating violence (Campbell-De La Rue 2014, O'Leary 2012).

Overall, participants in school-based IPV prevention interventions for middle and high school students demonstrate increases in knowledge about healthy behaviors in couple relationships and greater awareness of appropriate approaches to conflict solution than non-participants (Campbell-De La Rue 2014, Campbell-Fellmeth 2013). Participating students also report less acceptance of dating violence than non-participating peers (Campbell-De La Rue 2014).

The Fourth R program (SAMHSA-NREPP), Safe Dates (YG-Program search, Whitaker 2006), and Shifting Boundaries are three school-based youth IPV programs that have been shown to decrease dating violence perpetration and victimization among adolescents (De Koker 2014). Fourth R substantially reduces violent delinquency among youth with a history of child maltreatment and also increases participating adolescents’ condom use (SAMHSA-NREPP). The Start Strong program, designed for middle school students, decreases gender stereotypes and acceptance of teen dating violence among participants two years after the intervention (Miller 2015). Overall, programs with longer durations and comprehensive approaches are more effective than shorter programs and programs without comprehensive approaches (De Koker 2014, Whitaker 2006).

Youth IPV prevention programs may increase teen mothers’ awareness of gender stereotypes and community resources for teen dating violence (Herrman 2014).

Implementation

United States

Safe Dates and Fourth R are two examples of school-based intimate partner prevention programs with curriculum available online. Safe Dates training is offered in several states (Safe Dates) and the Start Strong program is implemented in 11 US cities (Start Strong). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC)’s Dating Matters, a middle school and community-based prevention initiative, has been implemented in four pilot sites (Baltimore, Chicago, Ft. Lauderdale, and Oakland, CA) (CDC-Dating Matters). Coaching Boys into Men (CBIM) is another example of a youth IPV prevention initiative.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction provides a curriculum of dating violence prevention education for students in grades 8-10 (WI DPI-Dating violence).In 2015, the United Way of Greater Milwaukee provided Healthy Girls Initiative grants, which used safe dates and related curriculum to help prevent teen pregnancy, sexual violence, and victimization (United Way-Healthy girls initiative).

Implementation Resources

CDC-Teen dating violence - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Teen dating violence. Accessed on June 1, 2016
CPS-Fourth R - Center for Addiction and Mental Health Centre for Prevention Science (CAMH-CPS). The Fourth R: Strategies for healthy youth relationships. Accessed on December 14, 2015
Safe Dates - Hazelden. Safe dates product - Information. Accessed on May 24, 2016

Citations - Description

CDC MMWR-YRBSS 2016 - Kann L, McManus T, Harris WA, et al. Youth risk behavior surveillance system (YRBSS) - United States, 2015. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 2016;65(SS-6):1-174. Accessed on February 6, 2017
CDC-Teen dating violence - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Teen dating violence. Accessed on June 1, 2016
O'Leary 2012* - O’Leary KD, Smith-Slep AM. Prevention of partner violence by focusing on behaviors of both young males and females. Prevention Science. 2012;13(4):329–39. Accessed on February 29, 2016
YG-Dating violence - Youth.gov (YG). Dating violence: Prevention programs. Accessed on January 31, 2017

Citations - Evidence

Campbell-De La Rue 2014 - De La Rue L, Joshua P, Dorothy E, Pigott T. School-based interventions to reduce dating and sexual violence: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2014:7. Accessed on June 1, 2016
Campbell-Fellmeth 2013 - Fellmeth GLT, Nurse J, Heffernan C, Habibula S, Sethi D. Educational and skills-based interventions for preventing relationship and dating violence in adolescents and young adults: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2013:14. Accessed on June 1, 2016
De Koker 2014* - De Koker P, Mathews C, Zuch M, Bastien S, Mason-Jones AJ. A systematic review of interventions for preventing adolescent intimate partner violence. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2014;54(1):3–13. Accessed on June 1, 2016
Herrman 2014* - Herrman JW, Waterhouse JK. A feasibility study to assess the effectiveness of safe dates for teen mothers. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. 2014;43(6):695–709. Accessed on June 1, 2016
Miller 2015* - Miller S, Williams J, Cutbush S, et al. Evaluation of the Start Strong initiative: Preventing teen dating violence and promoting healthy relationships among middle school students. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2015;56(2 Suppl 2):S14–S19. Accessed on June 1, 2016
O'Leary 2012* - O’Leary KD, Smith-Slep AM. Prevention of partner violence by focusing on behaviors of both young males and females. Prevention Science. 2012;13(4):329–39. Accessed on February 29, 2016
SAMHSA-NREPP - SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP). Accessed on February 9, 2017
Whitaker 2006* - Whitaker DJ, Morrison S, Lindquist C, et al. A critical review of interventions for the primary prevention of perpetration of partner violence. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 2006;11(2):151-66. Accessed on May 24, 2016
YG-Program search - Youth.gov (YG), Interagency Working Group on Youth Programs (IWGYP). Evidence-based program directories: Program directory search. Accessed on January 6, 2016

Citations - Implementation

CBIM - Future Without Violence. Coaching Boys into Men (CBIM). Accessed on June 1, 2016
CDC-Dating Matters - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Dating Matters initiative (Dating Matters). Accessed on June 1, 2016
Safe Dates - Hazelden. Safe dates product - Information. Accessed on May 24, 2016
Start Strong - Future Without Violence. Start Strong: Building healthy teen relationships (Start Strong). Accessed on June 1, 2016
United Way-Healthy girls initiative - United Way of Greater Milwaukee. Healthy girls initiative grant. Accessed on November 19, 2015
WI DPI-Dating violence - Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (WI DPI). Issues in mental health: Dating violence prevention (Grades 8-10). Accessed on June 1, 2016

Page Last Updated

January 30, 2017

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