|Health Factors:||Community Safety|
|Decision Makers:||Community Development Professionals Employers & Businesses Local Government State Government|
|Population Reach:||100% of WI's population|
|Impact on Disparities:|
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Modifications to physical design and immediate situational factors can reduce opportunities for violence in the community.
Mair 2003 notes some studies that have found beneficial effects of environmental changes (e.g., workplace lighting) on violent crime rates. The article outlines a number of methods to potentially reduce violence by modifying the environment, including modifying the physical design, architectural layout, and disorder (e.g., trash, broken windows, graffiti) of a community. Alcohol availability is one component of environmental design that is of interest to many. Urban-Roman 2008 finds that on-premise alcohol outlets (but not off-premise outlets) are a significant predictor of aggravated assault.
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