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Employment

Employment impacts health not only through the income it provides, but also, through its provision of health benefits and pension plans, and other pathways to financial security. Type of employment can also influence health with better health associated with more job control and security, less stress, and less exposure to danger or toxins. Ongoing, safe employment can lessen the likelihood of a number of conditions and diseases.

Employment is also related to many health factors. Access to safe and affordable housing, for example, is a prerequisite to improving employment. Increasing educational attainment is also an indirect and long-term contributor to secure, gainful employment.

Reviewed employment policies and programs are listed below. Click on column headings to sort by approach, policy or program, evidence rating, or decision maker. Click on Policy or Program name for more information.

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Approach Index
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Factor
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Approach
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Policy or Program
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Evidence Rating
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Decision Maker
Community Development Professionals
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Community Members
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Educators
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Employers & Businesses
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Healthcare Professionals & Advocates
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Nonprofit Leaders
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Public Health Professionals & Advocates
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3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Flexible scheduling
Scientifically Supported
      x          
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Paid family leave
Some Evidence
      x x        
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Interventions for occupational stress
Some Evidence
      x          
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Supervisor training programs
Some Evidence
      x          
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Paid sick leave ordinances
Expert Opinion
x     x x        
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments On-site child care
Insufficient Evidence
      x x        
3 2 1 Employment Create supportive work environments Job-sharing programs
Insufficient Evidence
      x          
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability Transitional jobs
Scientifically Supported
      x x     x  
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability Vocational training for adults
Scientifically Supported
      x x     x  
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability GED certificate programs
Some Evidence
    x   x     x  
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability Summer work experience programs
Some Evidence
      x x     x  
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability Rural transportation systems
Expert Opinion
x x   x x        
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability Basic education & work training programs for hard-to-employ adults
Expert Opinion
    x x x     x  
3 2 2 Employment Increase worker employability Youth apprenticeship initiatives
Expert Opinion
    x x x     x  
3 2 3 Employment Ensure workplace safety Exercise and work-oriented back pain management programs
Some Evidence
      x     x    
3 2 3 Employment Ensure workplace safety Education - farm hazards
Insufficient Evidence
              x x