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Alcohol & Drug Use

While there is some evidence that moderate drinking may reduce the risk of some diesases, heavy consumption can lead to violence, injury, liver disease, cancer, and premature death along with a number of other conditions and diseases.

Reviewed alcohol & drug use policies and programs are listed below. Click on column headings to sort by approach, policy or program, evidence rating, or decision maker. Click on Policy or Program name for more information.

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Approach Index
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Approach
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Policy or Program
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Evidence Rating
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Decision Maker
Community Development Professionals
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Community Members
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Educators
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Employers & Businesses
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Government Officials
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Grantmakers
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Healthcare Professionals & Advocates
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Nonprofit Leaders
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Public Health Professionals & Advocates
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1 3 1 Alcohol & Drug Use Implement broad initiatives to reduce alcohol and drug use Mentoring programs: delinquency
Scientifically Supported
    x     x   x  
1 3 1 Alcohol & Drug Use Implement broad initiatives to reduce alcohol and drug use Good Samaritan drug overdose laws
Expert Opinion
        x        
1 3 1 Alcohol & Drug Use Implement broad initiatives to reduce alcohol and drug use School-based social norming: alcohol consumption
Mixed Evidence
    x            
1 3 2 Alcohol & Drug Use Raise the price of alcohol Alcohol excise tax
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 2 Alcohol & Drug Use Raise the price of alcohol Drink special restrictions
Some Evidence
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Dram shop liability laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Enhanced enforcement of laws prohibiting alcohol sales to minors
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Minimum drinking age laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Alcohol advertising restrictions
Some Evidence
x x x   x     x  
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Naloxone education & distribution programs
Some Evidence
  x     x     x x
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Responsible beverage server training (RBS/RBST)
Some Evidence
      x x       x
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs)
Some Evidence
        x   x   x
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Mass media campaigns against underage & binge drinking
Expert Opinion
  x       x x   x
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Social host laws
Expert Opinion
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Keg registration laws
Insufficient Evidence
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Overservice law enforcement initiatives
Insufficient Evidence
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Seller & server minimum age
Insufficient Evidence
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Retail alcohol sale privatization
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
        x        
1 3 3 Alcohol & Drug Use Support responsible marketing and provision of alcohol and other legal drugs Marijuana legalization
Mixed Evidence
        x        
1 3 4 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce availability of alcohol and other drugs Alcohol outlet density restrictions
Scientifically Supported
x       x        
1 3 4 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce availability of alcohol and other drugs Alcohol sales restrictions
Some Evidence
        x        
1 3 4 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce availability of alcohol and other drugs Proper drug disposal programs
Expert Opinion
  x     x   x x x
1 3 4 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce availability of alcohol and other drugs Public alcohol availability restrictions
Expert Opinion
        x        
1 3 4 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce availability of alcohol and other drugs Campus alcohol bans
Insufficient Evidence
    x            
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Multi-component community interventions against alcohol-impaired driving
Scientifically Supported
  x x x x x x   x
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Mass media campaigns against alcohol-impaired driving
Scientifically Supported
  x     x x     x
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Administrative license suspension/revocation laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Blood alcohol concentration laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Breath testing checkpoints
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Ignition interlock devices
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Universal school-based programs: alcohol misuse & impaired driving
Some Evidence
    x            
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Designated driver promotion programs
Insufficient Evidence
      x   x   x x
1 3 5 Alcohol & Drug Use Reduce alcohol-impaired driving Road Crew ride program
Insufficient Evidence
          x   x x
1 3 6 Alcohol & Drug Use Improve access to substance abuse counseling and treatment Alcohol screening & brief intervention
Scientifically Supported
    x       x    
1 3 6 Alcohol & Drug Use Improve access to substance abuse counseling and treatment Drug courts
Scientifically Supported
        x        
1 3 6 Alcohol & Drug Use Improve access to substance abuse counseling and treatment Family treatment drug courts
Scientifically Supported
        x