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Income

Income and health have a well-established reciprocal relationship that operates in both directions: higher income leads to better health and better health leads to higher income. Income is also related to many other health factors. Access to safe and affordable housing, for example, is a prerequisite to improving income. Increasing educational attainment is also an indirect and long-term contributor to increasing income. Higher income can lessen the likelihood of a number of conditions and diseases.

Reviewed income policies and programs are listed below. Click on column headings to sort by approach, policy or program, evidence rating, or decision maker. Click on Policy or Program name for more information.

Topic Index
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Factor Index
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Approach Index
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Factor
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Approach
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Policy or Program
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Evidence Rating
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Decision Maker
Community Development Professionals
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Employers & Businesses
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Healthcare Professionals & Advocates
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Nonprofit Leaders
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Public Health Professionals & Advocates
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3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Child care subsidies
Scientifically Supported
        x x   x  
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Full child support pass-through and disregard
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income New Hope Project
Some Evidence
        x     x  
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Living wage laws
Some Evidence
        x        
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Unemployment insurance (UI)
Some Evidence
        x        
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Child tax credit expansion
Expert Opinion
        x        
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Refundable child and dependent care tax credit
Expert Opinion
        x        
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits
Expert Opinion
        x        
3 3 1 Income Increase or supplement income Minimum wage increases
Mixed Evidence
        x        
3 3 2 Income Support asset development Matched dollar incentives for saving tax refunds
Some Evidence
        x     x  
3 3 2 Income Support asset development Children's savings accounts
Expert Opinion
  x     x x   x  
3 3 2 Income Support asset development Financial education for adults
Insufficient Evidence
x x   x x x   x  
3 3 2 Income Support asset development Microfinance & microenterprise
Insufficient Evidence
        x     x  
3 3 2 Income Support asset development Payday loan regulations
Insufficient Evidence
        x        
3 3 2 Income Support asset development Individual Development Accounts (IDAs)
Mixed Evidence
        x     x