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Community Safety

The health impacts of community safety are far-reaching, from the obvious impact of violence on the victim to the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychological distress felt by those who are routinely exposed to violence. Community safety impacts various other health factors and outcomes as well, including birth weight, diet and exercise, and family and social support. Safer communities can lessen the likelihood of a number of conditions and diseases.

Reviewed community safety policies and programs are listed below. Click on column headings to sort by approach, policy or program, evidence rating, or decision maker. Click on Policy or Program name for more information.

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Policy or Program
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Decision Maker
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Public Health Professionals & Advocates
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3 5 1 Community Safety Assist youth involved with the justice system Treatment Foster Care Oregon
Scientifically Supported
  x     x     x  
3 5 1 Community Safety Assist youth involved with the justice system Functional Family Therapy (FFT)
Scientifically Supported
    x   x     x  
3 5 1 Community Safety Assist youth involved with the justice system Multisystemic Therapy (MST) for juvenile offenders
Scientifically Supported
        x   x x  
3 5 1 Community Safety Assist youth involved with the justice system Treatment Foster Care
Some Evidence
  x     x     x  
3 5 1 Community Safety Assist youth involved with the justice system Wraparound programs
Some Evidence
        x   x x  
3 5 1 Community Safety Assist youth involved with the justice system Trauma-informed juvenile justice systems
Expert Opinion
        x     x  
3 5 1 Community Safety Assist youth involved with the justice system Youth in adult justice system
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
        x        
3 5 2 Community Safety Prevent intimate partner violence School-based intimate partner violence prevention programs
Some Evidence
    x   x x      
3 5 2 Community Safety Prevent intimate partner violence Health care screening & follow-up for intimate partner violence
Some Evidence
            x    
3 5 2 Community Safety Prevent intimate partner violence Advocacy for victims of intimate partner violence
Insufficient Evidence
          x x x  
3 5 2 Community Safety Prevent intimate partner violence Court mandated programs for perpetrators of intimate partner violence
Mixed Evidence
        x     x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Neighborhood watch
Scientifically Supported
x x     x     x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Community policing
Scientifically Supported
  x     x     x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Restorative justice in the criminal justice system
Scientifically Supported
  x     x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Mentoring programs: delinquency
Scientifically Supported
    x     x   x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Focused deterrence strategies
Scientifically Supported
        x     x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Cognitive-behavioral therapy for offenders
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Drug courts
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Firearm licensing laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Cure Violence Health model
Some Evidence
x       x x   x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS)
Some Evidence
    x x       x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Child firearm access prevention laws
Some Evidence
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Comprehensive firearm background checks
Some Evidence
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Universal firearm background checks
Some Evidence
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Homicide review committees
Expert Opinion
        x     x  
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Environmental modifications to prevent and control violence
Insufficient Evidence
x     x x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Recreational marijuana legalization
Insufficient Evidence
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Juvenile curfews
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
        x        
3 5 3 Community Safety Prevent neighborhood crime and violence Scared Straight
Evidence of Ineffectiveness
        x        
3 5 4 Community Safety Prevent child maltreatment Kinship care for children removed from home due to maltreatment
Scientifically Supported
  x     x        
3 5 4 Community Safety Prevent child maltreatment Early childhood home visiting programs
Scientifically Supported
        x x x x x
3 5 4 Community Safety Prevent child maltreatment Family treatment drug courts
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 5 Community Safety Ensure sports & recreation safety Swimming pool fencing
Scientifically Supported
x       x        
3 5 5 Community Safety Ensure sports & recreation safety Child bicycle helmet promotion programs
Scientifically Supported
    x x     x x  
3 5 5 Community Safety Ensure sports & recreation safety Use sport-specific protective equipment
Scientifically Supported
    x x       x  
3 5 5 Community Safety Ensure sports & recreation safety Playground safety regulations
Some Evidence
x   x   x     x  
3 5 5 Community Safety Ensure sports & recreation safety Sports-related brain injury education
Expert Opinion
  x x         x  
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Traffic calming
Scientifically Supported
x       x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Car seat incentive & education programs
Scientifically Supported
    x x x   x x  
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Car seat distribution & education programs
Scientifically Supported
        x   x x  
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Car seat education & enforcement campaigns
Scientifically Supported
        x     x  
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Bicycle helmet laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Enhanced seat belt enforcement programs
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Primary seat belt enforcement laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Speed enforcement detection devices
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Strong graduated driver licensing laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Universal motorcycle helmet laws
Scientifically Supported
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Out of town bypasses
Some Evidence
x       x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel In-vehicle monitoring & feedback for novice drivers and families
Some Evidence
  x x x          
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Rollover protection structures (ROPS)
Some Evidence
  x   x x       x
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Bicycle paths, lanes & tracks
Some Evidence
        x     x  
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Universal distracted driving laws
Expert Opinion
        x        
3 5 6 Community Safety Support safe travel Education programs for use of child safety seats when used alone
Insufficient Evidence
            x x  
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Multi-component fall prevention interventions for older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x   x
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Risk assessments & personalized approaches to fall prevention among older adults
Scientifically Supported
        x   x   x
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Home water temperature safety education
Scientifically Supported
            x x x
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Parent education - burn risk
Some Evidence
    x x     x x  
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Parent education - poisoning risk
Some Evidence
    x x     x x  
3 5 7 Community Safety Reduce home safety hazards Parent education - child injury
Some Evidence
    x   x   x x